NASA conducts its work in three principal organizations, called mission directorates: Aeronautics: pioneers and proves new flight technologies that improve our ability to explore and which have practical applications on Earth. Human Exploration and Operations: focuses on International Space Station operations and human exploration beyond low Earth orbit. Science: explores the Earth, solar system and universe beyond; charts the best route of discovery; and reaps the benefits of Earth and space exploration for society.
The National Space Grant Foundation's purpose is to support and enhance the Space Grant Consortia in every state to carry out education, research, and public outreach activities in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology and additional fields, related to space, aeronautics, aviation, and Earth system science.
The Henry Foundation is a sponsor of the improved understanding of physics. The foundation conducts scientific work through its officers and its senior fellows. This organization’s origins began within NASA’s National Space Grant College and Fellowship Program.